Sodium Carbonate is an inorganic white colored powder consisting of sodium, carbon and oxygen. The chemical formula is Na2CO3.10H2O. It is also called washing soda, soda ash and soda crystals. It belongs to basic salts and has a strong alkaline taste.It is soluble in water and has the molecular weight of 105.99g/mol.
Basically, there are two types of Soda Ash , light and heavy .The light one is produced first and then it is changed to heavy.
There are several methods for synthesis of this chemical, but two methods are more common. First, extracting Sodium Carbonate from mines . In this method, the impurities need to be removed .The second common method is Solvay process or ammonia-soda process . It is more preferable because the only waste product is Calcium chloride. In this process, Limestone ,ammonia ,and brine solution are the main ingredients ,among which only ammonia is an expensive .Then, carbone deoxide is dissolved in water to give calcium hydroxide which will be transferred to ammonia tower . meanwhile, CO2 goes through sodium chloride solution which has already been saturated with ammonia. the result is Sodium carbonate which needs to be dried. For more information visit other websites.
Various industries use this chemical compound for the manufacture of numerous products .The main usage of Sodium Carbonate is in glass production industry as feedstock which is mixed with Silicates to decompose it .Sodium Carbonate is widely used in phosphate-containing and non-phosphate cleaners .It is also used in making soap and other household detergents as a precursor. It is estimated that approximately half of the Sodium Carbonate is used to make glass ,18% for makin other chemicals and roughly 10% in soap and other cleaners.
Material Safety Data Sheet :
If it is inhaled, remove the person to fresh air and if the person does not breath, perform mouth-to-mouth.
If it is swalloed, give several glasses of water to drink.
In case of skin contact,flush skin with a lot of water for at least 15 minutes.
In case of eye contact,remove contact lenses immdiately.flush eyes with lare stream of water .
Sodium Carbonate , both heavy and light ,are available in 50kg and 1000kg jumbo bags.
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